The Internet of things
What are the economic, sectoral and geographical impacts of IoT technology?
Spend projection: global spending on IoT technology is projected to be at a CAGR of 15.6% until 2020. This would result in a global investment in IoT of USD 1.6 trillion.
Number of things: between six and fourteen billion devices (not including mobile phones, tables, computers and other remotes) are currently connected via some form of communications network. By 2020 it is estimated that there will be twenty billion internet connected devices worldwide.
Who is deploying IoT?: businesses on a B2B basis have the greatest share of IoT investment, growing to USD 832 billion in 2020. Using a so-called “Industrial Internet of Things”, industries that are expected to invest the most in IoT by 2020 are manufacturing, transportation and utilities. The networks and data that arise in relation to the IoT ecosystem will support an enormous range of economic activities. The following shows projected full-scale IoT deployment by industry:
Source: Gapgemini, Unlocking the Business Value of IoT in Operations, 2018, page 4
Where is IoT technology being deployed?: IoT full-scale deployments show marked geographical variation:
Source: Gapgemini, Unlocking the Business Value of IoT in Operations, 2018, page 5
 European Commission, Cross-Cutting Business Models for IoT, 2017, page 64.
 PWC, Cross-Cutting Business Models for IoT: Net Futures Conference, 28 June 2017, page 13.
 UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, Secure by Design: Improving the Cyber Security of Consumer Internet of Things Report, 7 March 2018, page 6.
 European Commission, Cross-Cutting Business Models for IoT, 2017, page 65.